Infantry Regiments of India : At the heart of the action

The Infantry Regiments of India is at the heart of the Army and everything else coalesces around it. It is at the core of the Army’s Ground Close Combat capability and is the bedrock upon which the broader utility for warfighting, stabilisation, capacity building, assurance and national resilience tasks is founded.

Designed to out-think, outwit, outmanoeuvre, outfight, and outlast any adversary, the Infantry is capable of operating across a very wide spectrum of human, climatic and geographical environments, among diverse populations, and alongside allies.

Upon its inception, the Indian Army inherited the British Army’s organisational structure, which is still maintained today. Therefore, like its predecessor, an Indian infantry regiment’s responsibility is not to undertake field operations but to provide battalions and well trained personnel to the field formations. As such it is common to find battalions of the same regiment spread across several brigades, divisions, corps, commands, and even theatres. Like its British and Commonwealth counterparts, troops enlisted within the regiment are immensely loyal, take great pride in the regiment to which they are assigned, and generally spend their entire career within the regiment.

Indian Army infantry regiments recruit based on certain selection criteria, such as on region, caste/community, or religion such as the Assam Regiment, the Jat Regiment, and the Sikh Regiment. Most of them continue the heritage of regiments raised under the British Raj, but some have been raised after independence. Some regiments raised after independence have specialised in border defence, in particular the Ladakh Scouts, the Arunachal Scouts and the Sikkim Scouts.

Some “all India” or “all class” regiments have been also created that recruit troops from all over India regardless of region, caste/community or religion, such as the Brigade of the Guards (which later converted to the Mechanised Infantry profile) and the Parachute Regiment.

List of the Infantry Regiment

Regiment Active From Regimental Center Motto War Cry
Madras Regiment 1758 Wellington, Tamil Nadu “Swadharme nidhanam shreyaha” (“it is a glory to die doing one’s duty”) “Veera Madrasi, adi kollu, adi kollu” (“brave Madrasi, hit and kill, hit and kill”)
Rajputana Rifles 1775 Delhi Cantonment “Veer bhogya vasundhara” (“the brave shall inherit the earth”) “Raja Ramachandra ki jai” (“victory to King Ramachandra”)
Rajput Regiment 1778 Fatehgarh, Uttar Pradesh “Sarvatra vijay” (“victory everywhere”) “Bol Bajrang Bali Ki jai” (“say victory to Lord Hanuman”)
Dogra Regiment 1877 Faizabad, Uttar Pradesh “Kartavyam anvatma” (“duty before death”) “Jawala Mata ki jai” (“victory to Goddess Jawala”)
Sikh Regiment 1846 Ramgarh Cantonment, Jharkhand “Nischay kar apni jeet karon” (“with determination, I will be triumphant”) “Jo bole So Nihal, sat sri akal” (“he who cries ‘God is truth’ is ever happy”)
Jat Regiment 1795 Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh “Sangathan va veerta” (“unity and valour”) “Jat balwan, jai bhagwan” (“the Jat is strong, victory to God”)
Parachute Regiment 1945 Bangalore, Karnataka “Shatrujeet” (“the conqueror”) “Sarvada shaktishali” (“always strong”)
Punjab Regiment 1761 Ramgarh Cantonment, Jharkhand “Sthal wa jal” (“by land and sea”) “Jo bole So Nihal, sat sri akal” (“he who cries ‘God is truth’ is ever happy”); “Bol Jawala Ma ki jai” (“say victory to Goddess Jawala”)
The Grenadiers 1758 Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh “Sarvada shaktishali (“always strong”) “Sarvada shaktishali” (“always strong”)
Sikh Light Infantry 1944 Fatehgarh, Uttar Pradesh “Deg teg fateh” (“prosperity in peace and victory in war”) “Jo bole So Nihal, sat sri akal” (“he who cries ‘God is truth’ is ever happy”)
Maratha Light Infantry 1768 Belgaum, Karnataka “Duty, honour, courage” “Bola Shri Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj ki jai, Temlai Mata ki jai” (“say victory to Emperor Shivaji, victory to Goddess Temlai”)
The Garhwal Rifles 1887 Lansdowne, Uttarakhand “Yudhaya krit nischya” (“fight with determination”) “Badri Vishal Lal ki jai” (“victory to the Great Lord Badri Nath”)
Kumaon Regiment 1813 Ranikhet, Uttarakhand “Parakramo vijayate” (“valour triumphs”) “Kalika Mata ki jai” (“victory to Goddess Kali”); “Bajrang Bali ki jai” (“victory to Lord Hanuman”); “Dada Kishan ki jai” (“Victory to Dada Kishan”)
Assam Regiment 1941 Shillong, Meghalaya “Assam vikram” (“unique valour”) “Rhino charge”
Bihar Regiment 1941 Danapur, Bihar “Karam hi dharam” (“work is worship”) “Jai Bajrang Bali” (“victory to Lord Hanuman”)
Mahar Regiment 1941 Saugor, Madhya Pradesh “Yash sidhi” (“success and attainment”) “Bolo Hindustan ki jai” (“say victory to India”)
Jammu & Kashmir Rifles 1821 Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh “Prashata ranvirta” (“valour in battle is praiseworthy”) “Durga Mata ki jai” (“victory to Goddess Durga”)
Jammu and Kashmir Light Infantry 1947 Avantipur, Jammu and Kashmir “Balidanam vir lakshanam ” (“sacrifice is a characteristic of the brave”) “Bharat Mata ki jai” (“victory to Mother India”)
Naga Regiment 1970 “Jai Durga Naga” (“victory to Durga Naga”)
1 Gorkha Rifles 1815 Sabathu, Himachal Pradesh “Kayar hunu bhanda marnu ramro” (“better to die than live like a coward”) “Jai Ma Kali, ayo Gorkhali” (“hail Goddess Kali, here come the Gorkhas”)
3 Gorkha Rifles 1815 Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh “Kayar hunu bhanda marnu ramro” (“better to die than live like a coward”) “Jai Ma Kali, ayo Gorkhali” (“hail Goddess Kali, here come the Gorkhas”)
4 Gorkha Rifles 1857 Sabathu, Himachal Pradesh “Kayar hunu bhanda marnu ramro (“better to die than live like a coward”) “Jai Ma Kali, ayo Gorkhali” (“hail Goddess Kali, here come the Gorkhas”)
5 Gorkha Rifles (Frontier Force) 1858 Shillong, Meghalaya “Shaurya evam nistha” (“courage and determination”) “Jai Ma Kali, ayo Gorkhali” (“hail Goddess Kali, here come the Gorkhas”)
8 Gorkha Rifles 1824 Shillong, Meghalaya “Kayar hunu bhanda marnu ramro (“better to die than live like a coward”) “Jai Ma Kali, ayo Gorkhali” (“hail Goddess Kali, here come the Gorkhas”)
9 Gorkha Rifles 1817 Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh “Kayar hunu bhanda marnu ramro” (“better to die than live like a coward”) Jai Ma Kali, ayo Gorkhali (“hail Goddess Kali, here come the Gorkhas”)
11 Gorkha Rifles 1918-1922; from 1948 Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh “Yatraham vijayastatra” (“the metaphor for victory”) “Jai Ma Kali, ayo Gorkhali (“hail Goddess Kali, here come the Gorkhas”)
Ladakh Scouts 1963 “Ki ki so so Lhargyalo” (“Victory to God”)
Arunachal Scouts 2010
Sikkim Scouts 2013

 

 

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